Members Making News: January 8-12

A collection of media coverage of our Caucus members this week.

Despite the House voting to override Governor Hogan’s vetoes of both HB1 and HB694, Delegates Kathy Szeliga and Haven Shoemaker led arguments for sustaining the vetoes. In regards to HB1, Delegate Szeliga spoke of the bill’s flaws to protect the privacy of employees and suggested that the Governor’s proposed alternative would allow workers to utilize paid sick leave with no questions asked. Meanwhile, Delegate Shoemaker spoke of his concerns of the “ban the box” bill, which he said has gone “way too far” and may result in unintended consequences in the wake of increased cases of sexual assault on college campuses. To read more about the discussions on both bills, please click here to be redirected. To watch a video clip of Delegate Szeliga making her argument on the House floor, click here to be redirected to the video.

Also speaking on HB1 and HB694 were Delegates Kathy Afzali and William Folden, who raised concerns that could result from overriding the Governor’s vetoes. Speaking about HB1, Delegate Afzali recalled a personal experience involving a friend who under the bill would have had to disclose a deeply personal family matter, arguing that, “I don’t think that’s fair to her because this is deeply, deeply personal. … We don’t want to re-victimize the victim.” Meanwhile Delegate Folden recalled on his experience a police officer of the city of Frederick in speaking on the “ban the box” bill could open the door to predators on college campuses, saying that “the reality of life is, folks, that [predators] are out there. There is evil amongst us. I’ve seen it.” To read more about the debate on these two bills, click here for more.

Delegate Herb McMillan also argued against the vote to override Governor Hogan’s of HB1. On the House floor Delegate McMillan made his case for sustaining the veto, saying that by overriding the Governor’s veto “we’re screwing the small businessman and the people who provide 90 percent of the jobs in this state.”

And to watch a video clip of Delegate Mike McKay explaining why he supports the Governor’s vetoes, click here to be redirected to the video.

Delegate Nic Kipke is looking to introduce legislation that will give parents the power to make their adult children seek treatment for opioid addiction. Speaking about Maryland’s current laws on addiction treatment, Delegate Kipke said “We are constantly looking for ideas on how we can assist our community with the opioid crisis…They are deadly terrified their kid will die to an overdose, but the law currently doesn’t allow the parent to do much.” To read more about the bill, please click here to be redirected.

With the start of Session, Delegates Charles Otto, Carl Anderton, and Mary Beth Carozza took the time to share the issues they are most concerned about resolving in the Lower Shore region. Among their top topics are free tuition for community colleges statewide, increasing state highway user revenues to counties and towns; and getting funding for various projects throughout the Lower Shore. To read more about other concerns the delegates hope to address this Session, click here for more information.

On Wednesday Delegates Haven Shoemaker and Susan Krebs expressed their support for the Governor’s proposal of term limits. Delegate Shoemaker said, “We have some folks down here who have been in office since I was in elementary school…Leadership is entrenched.” Meanwhile, Delegate Krebs added, “I look forward to having a robust discussion on the pros and cons… [and] listening to what our constituents have to say about it.” To read more, click here to be redirected to the article.

This Session Delegate Kathy Afzali is looking to introduce a piece of legislation that will add a section in the Maryland’s Wild and Scenic River Act that will specifically address wild and scenic river boards in Frederick County. To read more about how the act is creating confusion in Frederick County and what Delegate Afzali’s bill will entail, click here for more information.

Delegate Wendell Beitzel is looking to continue his effort to establish an ibogaine treatment pilot program in Maryland to combat the opioid epidemic. The bill, HB1372, would request the state to create a controlled scientific clinical study to test the effectiveness of ibogaine. Delegate Beitzel said of the effectiveness of the program that “we have some local indications that it is very effective…In fact, a person who was born and raised here is now down in Mexico running an ibogaine clinic, treating people for opiate addictions. He went there himself and was treated.” To read more about the bill, click here to be redirected.

Right before Session began, Delegates Nic Kipke and Kathy Szeliga were unanimously re-elected as Minority Leader and Minority Whip respectively. To read the full press release and how they hope to continue to change Maryland for the better, click here.

In the lead up to the start of Session, Delegates Jerry Clark and Mark Fisher expressed their concerns on paid sick leave at the Calvert County Chamber of Commerce’s State Pre-Legislative Breakfast on January 10th. Delegate Clark spoke at the breakfast saying, “It’s going to hurt the employees…I am theoretically opposed to government telling me how to treat employees. It all has to do with individual employers and how they treat their employees.” Meanwhile Delegate Fisher added that the mandated paid sick leave bill is another example of the “cumulative effects” of laws recently passed in Maryland that are giving many businesses no choice but to move out of state. To read more about issues the delegates are looking to address, click here for more information.

Before Session began, Delegate Mark Fisher and fellow Calvert County officials met with farmers and other constituents for an opportunity to express their concerns. At the meeting, Delegate Fisher engaged in a debate with Senate President Mike Miller about the recently passed federal tax reform. Delegate Fisher suggested that the Democratic-controlled assembly negate $30 billion in federal tax relief over the next 10 years with an automatic state tax increase. Delegate Fisher stated that “We have a lot of work to do this session so that tax cut won’t be taken away by Annapolis…We have to live within our means.” Delegate Jerry Clark was also present at the meeting and added, “when there’s a large pot of money it’s real easy to stand up and say ‘yes.’ But you have to say ‘no.’ ” To read more about other topics discussed at the meeting, click here.

The day before Session, Delegate Neil Parrott spoke of the need to have tax cut for Marylanders. Speaking of the recently passed federal tax reform plan, Delegate Parrott stressed that “we need to have a tax package this year to cut taxes in Maryland, or at least make sure that taxes are not increased.” To read more about how Delegate Parrott and Senator Andrew Serafini plan to bring tax relief to Marylanders as well as how Delegate Paul Corderman has settled into Annapolis before Session gets underway, click here to read more.

Delegate David Vogt also spoke about the need to provide tax relief for Marylanders. Delegate Vogt said that lawmakers need to “provide some sort of relief to our taxpayers” and is concerned that the new federal tax plan’s imposed $10,000 limit on the deduction a taxpayer can claim for state and local taxes will hit Marylanders harder than the residents of other states with lower taxes.  To be redirected to the article, click here.

Shortly before the start of Session Delegate Paul Corderman was interviewed by the Herald-Mail Media. Delegate Corderman said he is excited to start his first term as a delegate and sees the appointment as an opportunity to move “our entire state in a positive direction that benefits both our state and also our local community.” To read the full interview, click here.

On Monday, Delegate Carl Anderton expressed his support of Governor Hogan’s proposed legislation called the Rape Survivor Family Protection Act. Speaking about the need for the act, Delegate Anderton said that the “fact that you know somebody can rape somebody and still have parental rights I don’t get that so hopefully if we can take care of that really quick, we had a good shot last year, hopefully this year we can get it done.” To read more about the Governor’s proposed legislation, click here for more information.

To read about what topics Delegates April Rose and Haven Shoemaker are looking to address this Session, click here to be redirected.

Delegate Johnny Mautz is hoping to pass legislation that will require schools across Maryland to recognize the 9/11 attacks that took place 17 years ago. Speaking about the historic tragedy, Delegate Mautz said, “Everyone was affected by 9/11 and was very passionate and I want to put it out there and hope it will be embraced by everyone.” To read about other bills lawmakers hope to pass, click here for more information.

To read about what Delegates Paul Corderman, Neil Parrott, and Mike McKay had to say on the opening day of Session, please click here to be redirected. And to also read about what Delegate Nic Kipke had to say about the start of Session, click here.

Delegate William Wivell joined other elected officials in a breaking ground ceremony for Fahrney Keedy Senior Living Community. The project aims to add 33,000 square feet to the existing facility in an effort to also expand the services the facility offers. To read more about the ceremony, click here to be redirected.

To read about how Delegate Mary Beth Carozza is looking to bring relief to the Eastern Shore, click here to read more. And to read about how Delegate Carozza is working with the mayor of Ocean City to introduce legislation that would create special enforcement zones to help address some of the issues associated with the mobilized special events in Ocean City, click here.

Delegates Teresa Reilly and Kevin Hornberger are looking to address the federal tax reform plan and crime penalties for individuals who sell drugs to a minor. Delegate Reilly is hoping to pass legislation that did not pass in 2015 which seeks to create new criminal penalties for those who sell drugs to a minor and the minor subsequently dies from an overdose. Meanwhile Delegate Hornberger spoke about the recently passed federal tax reform measure, saying, “The tax plan passed actually creates a windfall for Maryland and we’re all going to work to return that windfall to citizens…There’s a lot of debate on how to do that. I’m exploring one strategy that would be an earned income tax credit at the state level.” To read more about what they are looking forward to completing this Session, click here for more information. To read another article about why Delegate Hornberger thinks this Session will be favorable for Governor Hogan, click here to be redirected.

House Republican Caucus Unanimously Re-Elects Kipke and Szeliga

Annapolis – House Republicans today unanimously re-elected Delegate Nic Kipke and Delegate Kathy Szeliga to serve as House Minority Leader and House Minority Whip.


Delegates Kipke and Szeliga have served in these leadership rolls since 2013.



“I am grateful to have the continued support of my colleagues,” said Kipke. “It was not long ago when we found Maryland to be in a disastrous state from partisan gerrymandering and a series of challenges that gave Maryland a grim future. In these past four years, thanks to Governor Hogan and the incredible hard work of our members, we have accomplished so much to make our state a better place and we’re just getting started.”

“We expect this coming legislative session to be challenging,” said Delegate Kathy Szeliga. “As this is an election year, many Democrats are focused on rolling back all the good Governor Hogan has done for our state. Our members are ready to stand with Governor Hogan to continue to change Maryland.”


Women Legislators Stand Up for Victims of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Support No-Excuse Paid Leave

ANNAPOLIS – This morning, a group of twelve women legislators sent a letter to Senate President Thomas V. “Mike” Miller and House Speaker Michael E. Busch calling attention to the unintended consequences the Healthy Working Families Act will have on victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.

The Healthy Working Families Act mandates up to 40 hours of “sick and safe” leave for employees who work for businesses with 15 or more employees. The bill was vetoed earlier this year, but the debate on overriding the veto will take place early in the upcoming 2018 Legislative Session.

The concern centers on language in the bill that allows an employer to ask employees to “provide verification that the leave was used appropriately”. While providing a doctor’s note to one’s employer after an illness may seem reasonable, it is anything but for those who use leave because of domestic violence or sexual assault.

“Quite simply, no woman should have to disclose to their employer that they are taking leave because of domestic violence or sexual assault. Such a requirement further victimizes these women by giving them no choice but to disclose deeply personal and private information. It just goes too far,” the letter states.

Rather than work on overriding the veto of the incredibly-flawed Healthy Working Families Act, the letter urges the presiding officers to work on a clean bill that simply provides Paid Time Off, without the cumbersome and intrusive documentation requirements; “Rather than reconsidering HB 1 in January, we implore you to pass a paid sick leave bill that allows individuals and parents to keep health issues a private matter, and victims and family members to keep any potential domestic violence or sexual assault issue out of the employer’s purview.”


Delegate Simonaire Delivers Lincoln Day Address

On Monday, February 13th, Delegate Meagan Simonaire delivered the Lincoln Day Address to the Maryland House of Delegates. The following are her prepared remarks.


Delegate Simonaire delivering the 2017 Lincoln Day Address

Tonight we honor and remember one of the greatest leaders of our nation, Abraham Lincoln. Much has been said about our 16th president and his legacy has inspired many throughout the past 152 years.

While preparing my thoughts for this evening, I came across numerous insights on who Lincoln was and what he has meant, and tonight I’d like to share a few of those with you.

In 1922, sociologist, writer, and civil rights activist W. E. B. DuBois stated, “Abraham Lincoln was perhaps the greatest figure of the nineteenth century. Certainly…[he] is to me the most human and lovable. And I love him not because he was perfect but because he was not and yet triumphed.”

President Lincoln

President Lincoln

President Franklin D. Roosevelt said in 1940 “I do not know which party Lincoln would belong to if he were alive…His sympathies and his motives of championship of humanity itself have made him for all centuries to come the legitimate property of all parties—of every man and woman and child in every part of our land.”

In 2005, then-Senator Barack Obama observed that “when the time came to confront the greatest moral challenge this nation has ever faced, this all too human man did not pass the challenge on to future generations…In the midst of slavery’s dark storm and the complexities of governing a house divided, he somehow kept his moral compass pointed firm and true.”

Honesty. Integrity. Humility. These are the hallmarks of the imperfect, but principled leader who had such a profound impact on the course of our nation’s history.

Lincoln’s dedication to liberty and equality particularly resonates with me, as one of the issues near to my heart is the modern day slavery known as human trafficking. I first became aware of human trafficking when I was around sixteen; two women from the organization Project Rescue gave a presentation on the growing prevalence of human trafficking, one of the largest illegal trades in the world today. I couldn’t believe that something so horrific was happening, not only in far-away countries, but here, in my city and my neighborhoods.

Their presentation spurred my involvement in several outreaches and conferences over the following years, oriented towards combating human trafficking. It also played a large part in my decision to run for office, in hopes that I would be able in some way to make an impact, and help give a voice to those who have had their most basic human rights brutally violated.

Another thing that stood out to me as I read more about Lincoln’s life was his ability to balance his pragmatism with his principles.

President Lincoln and his cabinet.

President Lincoln and his cabinet.

Lincoln was deeply opposed to slavery from a moral standpoint, and he held to that conviction. However, he also recognized and acknowledged the complexities involved and sought to address them. He was said to have possessed an “uncanny ability to empathize with and think about other people’s point of view,”  and recognized the value and importance of understanding the other side, while not compromising his beliefs.

I found Lincoln’s example a timely reminder and challenge to engage and build meaningful relationships with those whose views may differ from mine.

While much of the information I found written about President Lincoln spoke of his

character and contributions to the country, I also came across a few things about him that I like to call little treasures. They helped me remember that in the midst of his greatness and accomplishments, he was still human and shared similarities with all of us. One of those little treasures was the following:

Fido, one of the Lincoln family dogs

Fido, one of the Lincoln family dogs

“his little dog Jip…was never absent from the Presidential lunch. He was always in Mr. Lincoln’s lap to claim his portion first, and was caressed and petted by him through the whole meal.”

As I was reading that quote, I happened to be on a plane to Puerto Rico and quickly typed it on my laptop and smiled. The man sitting next to me asked if I was a student or a professor, as I had to be one or the other typing so fast. I explained to him that I was adding some fun details to my Lincoln Day speech that I had prepared for the Maryland General Assembly.

Although he and his wife lived in Ohio and are from Puerto Rico, he was actually very familiar with Maryland. He is a priest and his students were at St. Mary’s. He then shared how he loved President Lincoln and had just finished reading a book about him. He told me so many fascinating details about the President’s life, and when I asked what his favorite thing about him was, his response left me smiling from ear to ear.

He told me that his favorite thing about Lincoln was that he was President for all humankind and was even known for respecting those who didn’t agree with him. I had to smile, because that was so close to my favorite quote that I had already typed and was actually said by a Reverend. The Reverend stated: “let us resolve to carry forward the policy which he so nobly began. Let us do right to all men.”

While there are many things in the past that are so inspiring to reflect on, it was beautiful to see how even sitting on a plane on the way to Puerto Rico, I could have such a wonderful conversation with a priest and his wife because of President Lincoln. His legacy still brings people together and inspires them in everyday life.

In closing, I am truly honored to be a part of this legislature, as we work together to carry on the legacy of Lincoln and, in his words, maintain “that form and substance of government, whose leading object is to elevate the condition of men—to lift artificial weights from all shoulders—to clear the paths of laudable pursuit for all—and to afford all an unfettered start and a fair chance in the race of life.”

Thank you.

House Republican Caucus Unanimously Re-Elects Kipke and Szeliga

nic-and-kathy-photo-17Annapolis – House Republicans today unanimously re-elected Delegate Nic Kipke and Delegate Kathy Szeliga to serve as House Minority Leader and House Minority Whip.

Delegates Kipke and Szeliga have served in these leadership rolls since 2013.

“I am honored to have the continued support of my colleagues,” said Kipke. “We are so fortunate to have such a fantastic group of leaders in our Caucus with diverse backgrounds, careers, and experiences. They all work tremendously hard to better the lives of those they represent. I am grateful for their confidence and for the opportunity to serve with them. We have a great task ahead of us as we work with Governor Hogan to bring common sense back to Annapolis.”

“The coming legislative session looks to be a contentious one,” said Delegate Kathy Szeliga. “The Democratic majority is furious that Governor Hogan is so popular and they’re focused on ignoring their own constituents by undermining the good work he has done for our state. Our members are ready to help Governor Hogan fight for common-sense solutions to the challenges our state faces.”


House Republicans Reveal Impact of Transportation Proposal

Legislation Eliminates County Input in Transportation Projects
Jeopardizes Future Projects Across the State

House Republicans today  Press Conferencerevealed the impact of a Democratic proposal that would completely change the way the state funds transportation projects.

“House Bill 1013 upends a system that has worked for decades,” said House Minority Whip Kathy Szeliga. “It discards the county’s input on their transportation priorities and instead creates a scoring system for transportation projects that weighs heavily in favor of mass transit in urban areas.”

Maryland already has a system in place to select transportation projects for the Consolidated Transportation Program (CTP). Every year, the Secretary of Transportation tours the state, holding public hearings and gathering input from citizens and elected officials. Each county sends a list of their transportation priorities and the projects are selected based on the priorities of the counties and the funding available.

Governor Hogan has invested an unprecedented $2 billion across the state. Dollars to fix every single structurally deficient bridge and move Maryland forward on the top-priority road projects in every jurisdiction of the state. House Bill 1013 creates a scoring system where projects are awarded points based on various criteria. The scoring is weighed heavily in favor of urban areas and mass transit.

Flanagan Presser“This bill scores projects in different parts of the state in exactly the same way,” said Delegate Bob Flanagan, who served as the Secretary of Transportation from 2003-2007. “This fails to recognize that different parts of the state have different needs. For example, economic development might be more important in some parts of the state while congestion relief is more important in another. This weighting system gives no consideration for the various needs of the state.”



“This legislation has far and long-reaching consequences for the future of Maryland’s Ghrist Press Conferencetransportation infrastructure,” said Delegate Jeff Ghrist. “Had this bill been enacted in 2015, Montgomery County would have received 96% of the transportation funding. Projects that would make our roads safer, such as the widening of the notoriously dangerous MD 404 on the Eastern Shore would not have received funding if this bill had passed last year. Transportation taxes are paid by all of Marylanders, and the funding should benefit the entire state, not just one or two jurisdictions.”


Governor Hogan's 2016 Transportation Plan“Governor Hogan’s actions have been immensely popular with the citizens of Maryland, transcending party lines,” said House Minority Leader Nic Kipke. “It is unfortunate that some Democratic leaders are again playing politics with something as serious as roads and bridges.  The bill seems to be aimed at limiting the power of the Executive branch for political reasons but in doing so this legislation if enacted would dangerously affect the safety of Marylanders who drive on our roads and travel across our bridges.  It is a wrong-minded and unproductive pattern that we’ve seen too frequently this session.”

Delegate Steve Arentz Delivers Lincoln Day Address

On Monday, February 15, Delegate Steve Arentz delivered the annual Lincoln Day Address to the Maryland House of Delegates. The text of his address, as prepared, is below.


Delegate Steve Arentz

Good evening Ladies and Gentlemen.  It is my pleasure to give the Lincoln Day speech in the General Assembly.  Abraham Lincoln is one of the most highly regarded presidents in our history and today we celebrate him.

I have always admired our 16th president and his accomplishments – from his storied rise in politics, to his historic deeds as president in a time of great heartache for our young country. Recently, I read the account of his death, The Killing of Lincoln, by Bill O’Reilly and was given more insight into the man that we all know as Honest Abe.  He knew of the dangers he faced as president. He knew of the rumors of assassination and still continued to do the things he knew needed to be done despite the great risk that ultimately resulted in his death at the hands of a group that so feared him.
The celebration of this day would not be complete without the reciting of the Gettysburg Address delivered by Lincoln on November 19, 1863.

To preface, it is important to understand Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address was never intended to be the headline. The keynote speaker of the day, State Representative Edward Everett, spoke for nearly two hours. Lincoln followed Everett and was just to speak briefly about the tragic loss of life at Gettysburg, over 8,000 Union and Confederate soldiers. However two minutes and 272 words later Lincoln transcended Everett. In that short time Lincoln not only paid tribute to those lives lost; he reaffirmed some of America’s most sacred principles. He truly was a master Orator. The irony of that day though is that Lincoln himself didn’t even realize the magnitude of his words – believing that they would be forgotten in lieu of the sacrifices made on the Gettysburg battlefield.  And while he was correct that the Gettysburg battlefield would never be forgotten, nor would the lives that were sacrificed by both the Union and the South, he misunderstood how his words would forever form one of the most memorable and important speeches of our great nation. So here goes:

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war.

We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that this nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract.

The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced.

It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Earlier that year on January 1, 1863 he penned his final draft of the Emancipation Proclamation. With it, Abraham Lincoln was credited with freeing the slaves. He was the Great Emancipator. That he did so is amazing, but how he did it, is just as significant.

There is much we all can learn from his style and demeanor. When you read aboutLincoln Lincoln what is mostly conveyed is his rather simple upbringing and his continued drive for success.  He was not a man that relied on others being less capable than him, but one that needed to be as good as he could be. He once said, “Whatever you are, be a good one.”

But maybe better evidence of his drive for success can be found in Lincoln’s little-known wrestling career. Historians have only found one recorded loss by Lincoln in 12 years. Isn’t it funny how someone with such skill in the ring wrestled with some of the nation’s most important issues?

I can only imagine being alive his time and surrounded by such a divisive decision that had to be made.  I watch us in this body wrestle with whether it is ok to smoke pot in public or not, much less having to manage a country divided so deeply on a single issue.

I would like to hope that there is a Lincoln amongst us. A good leader who talks little, listens to people and can be guided by them without being threatened.  His process was well orchestrated. He would listen; if it made sense he would let them proceed.

If he was uncomfortable with what was being suggested he would focus, direct, or point people to what he viewed as the proper path rather than ordering.  He was a master at directing others by implying, hinting, or suggesting.

Even Lincoln’s critics couldn’t help but acknowledge and compliment his leadership style. Newspaperman Horace Greeley who was often at odds with the president and his administration, once wrote “He was not a born king of men but a child of the common people, who made himself a great persuader, therefore a leader, by dint of firm resolve, patient effort, and dogged perseverance.  He slowly won his way to eminence and fame by doing the work that lay next to him – doing it with all his growing might – doing it as well as he could, and learning by his failure, when failure was encountered, how to do it better. He was open to all impressions and influences, and gladly profited by the teachings of events and circumstances, no matter how adverse or unwelcome. There was probably no year of his life when he was not a wiser, cooler, and a better man than he had been the year preceding. And while Greeley’s words alone do Lincoln’s leadership style justice, there are many other stories that help us understand how great Abraham Lincoln was.

Lincoln with troopsLincoln was a war-time president that knew you needed to understand what your people were going through to continually ask them to do their jobs.  He spent much of his time among his troops.  He was constantly informed with what was going on in the war.  One story references General John C. Fremont. In relieving him of duty, Lincoln wrote to his successor General David Hunter, “General Fremont is losing the confidence of men near him, whose support any man in his position must have to be successful.” Lincoln continued, “His cardinal mistake is that he isolates himself, and allows nobody to see him; and by which he does not know what is going on in the very matter he is dealing with.” Lincoln’s letter not only alerted General Hunter as to why he relieved Fremont, it offered advice to Hunter on how Lincoln expected the job to be handled.

Lincoln could not sit by and let people bring the news to him, he would discover first-hand what was going on around him.  Lincoln realized that people were a major source of information and he intended to stay close to that information. His hands-on approach allowed for him to act swiftly and decisively, winning battles and saving lives. His open door policy as president constituted an exemplary model for effective leadership.  People work harder, smarter, and are more loyal if they are involved.

Lincoln would visit his Secretary of War nearly every day and even spent nights at the telegraph office awaiting news of the war.  He genuinely cared what people thought, continually seeking them out for their opinion. He was good-tempered always with a kind word or a good story.  People liked him, he was approachable and sincere.  He understood that “people like a compliment.” Often during the war he would ride his horse along the lines to visit his Generals and troops, always with a kind word and frequently telling them of his vision for America. Lincoln truly believed in preaching and reaffirming his vision. This was important not only for him but for a country mired in turmoil and uncertainty.

However, Lincoln didn’t just talk to people, he had an innate ability to actually understand them as well. He found space that he could work with and opened the door.

From left: Edwin M. Stanton, Salmon P. Chase, Abraham Lincoln, Gideon Welles, Caleb B. Smith, William H. Seward, Montgomery Blair, and Edward Bates.

From left: Edwin M. Stanton, Salmon P. Chase, Abraham Lincoln, Gideon Welles, Caleb B. Smith, William H. Seward, Montgomery Blair, and Edward Bates.

Prior to being elected president, He met Edwin Stanton, his would-be Secretary of War, while working on a legal case.  Stanton insulted the then attorney by commenting “he looked like a giraffe.” Later after Lincoln was elected President, Stanton commented that, “the President had no token of any intelligent understanding”.  Despite all of this, Lincoln still appointed him his Secretary of War. Stanton accepted. He enthusiastically and quickly proved Lincoln correct in his selection.  As time passed Stanton found that under a somewhat surly exterior existed an honest, devoted, and thoroughly capable administrator.  Lincoln’s trust in Stanton became a constant.  After Lincoln’s death Stanton muttered “Now he belongs to the Ages.” For more than 10 days after Lincoln’s death Stanton went to Lincoln’s son Robert’s room to talk and spent the first few minutes weeping and not saying a word.  He truly grew to love and respect his President.

Lincoln had a similar experience with his Secretary of State, William H. Seward.  Prior to the inauguration Seward resigned. Lincoln, appealing to Seward’s patriotic duty, convinced him to stay. He later found the President to be firm, dedicated, and resourceful with a distinct mind of his own.

Early on Seward had sent out memos outlining a policy towards the South.  On two occasions he suggested the President start a war with England, first to unite the North and South and then after the British vessel Trent was captured with two Confederate commissioners on board. Lincoln held firm, saying that, “If such policies were to be instituted, I must do it.” And followed the Trent example with a simple and firm statement of “One war at a time”.

Lincoln Memorial

Before I finish I would like to recite the words inscribed on the Lincoln Memorial. “In this temple, as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the union, the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever.” Those words could not be more fitting. It is truly a tragedy that a man of such leadership left our nation so soon. However, we can all take solace in the fact that his legacy still lives on over 150 years later. It must, if that government, OUR government of the people, by the people, and for the people will never perish from the earth.

Thank you.